LD cannot be defined as a single disorder but rather includes disabilities in either many or some of 7 areas of reading, language and mathematics. These types of disabilities often co-occur with each other along with social skill problems and behavioural or emotional disorders. It’s because most children with LD have their main deficits in reading, most available information concerning learning disabilities relates to reading disabilities. In most cases it is a lifelong disorder that is dealt with by focusing on the individuals strengths.
It important to note that the definition cannot be attributed primarily to mental retardation, emotional disorder or cultural differences. The persons IQ too has little or no impact. LD is focused more on the inconsistency between a person’s academic achievement and their potential to learn.
Definition of Learning Disability Under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). means a disorder in one or more basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, speak, read, write, spell, or to do mathematical calculations. The term includes such conditions as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia, and developmental aphasia. The term does not apply to children who have learning problems that are primarily the result of visual, hearing, or m o to r disabilities, of mental retardation, of emotional disturbance, or of environmental, cultural, or economic disadvantage. Source: Code of Federal Regulations Title3 4, Subtitle B, Chapter III, Section 300.7(b)(10).